Gonzalo Curiel will hear the case of Juan Manuel Montes, a former "Dreamer" who sued after being deported to Mexico.
Curiel was the judge then-candidate Donald Trump bashed for his "Mexican heritage," saying it disqualified him from judging his Trump University lawsuit fairly. Curiel was born in Indiana.
Trump's comments were widely criticized, and House Speaker Paul Ryan called them the "textbook definition of a racist comment."
Juan Manuel Montes Bojorquez was deported in February, marking what advocates say was the first deportation of a former DREAMer under Trump. Lawyers said he forgot his wallet in a friend's car and was pulled over and ultimately deported. He sued the federal government, and his lawyers have argued he has only a misdemeanor on his record, The Washington Post reports.
Curiel, initially appointed under President Obama, was assigned the case at random.